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WORLD ART WITH PROFESSOR JODI PATTERSON.

(Image above:  Garuda Royal Barge Decoration, Bangkok)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I.

 

INDIA (with Hindu focus and one Cambodian temple)

TIME:  2 hours/one class session

 

Helpful link:  http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/hind/hd_hind.htm

 

Main Religion:  Hinduism (describe)

Main Religious text:  Vedas  (Sanskrit)

Who is:  Shiva, Ganesha, Krishna,  Lakshmi, Kali  (describe/show looks, animal companion and power of/over)

 

Dress:  Sari   

Fabric decoration:  Batik  (understand the process of)

 

Temples: 

1.  Kanchipuram (Varadharaja, Ekambaranatha) 

2.  Khajuraho, 

3.  Sri Ranganathaswamy,

4.  Meenakshi Amman, 

5.  Angkor Wat (in Cambodia)

 

Hatha Yoga.

Mehndi hand designs

 

Festivals or holidays:  Diwali, Holi, Magh Mela, Pushkar Camel Festival

Food of.

    

II.

SOUTHEAST ASIA (Buddhist focus with some Indian locations included)

TIME:  2 hours/1 class session

 

Helpful link:

https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/art-asia/beginners-guide-asian-culture/buddhist-art-culture/a/introduction-to-buddhism-2

 

Main Religion:  Buddhism:  Theravada, Mahayana, and some Zen  (may include other sects if desire but not Tibetan Buddhism) (Nirvana)

Who is:  Buddha, Bodhisattva

 

History of the image of Buddha

How to identify a Buddha in art

 

Famous Buddha statues: 

  1. Reclining Buddha,  at Wat Pho, Bangkok

  2. Colossal Buddha,  Bamiyan, Afghanistan.

 

Mudras (show at least three common positions of)

 

Symbols of:  Lotus  (show examples of use in artworks)

 

Garuda

 

Architecture of:

1.  The Shwedagon Pagoda (Golden Pagoda in Yangon),  

2.  The Mahabodhi Temple in Bodh Gaya, India,

3.  Boudhanath in Kathmandu,

4.  Wat Phra Kaew (Temple of the Emerald Buddha), Bangkok

5.  Stupa:  The Great Stupa in Sanchi, India

6.  The White Temple (Wat Rong Khun), Thailand

 

III.

ART OF THE HIMALAIANS

TIME:  2 hours/one class session

 

Online resource:  http://library.brown.edu/cds/BuddhistTempleArt/TibetanArt.html

 

Tibetan Buddhism (Tantic and Vajrayana)

Dharma

Dali Lama

Thangka Painting

Dharmapala Protectors

Tsampa figurines

Shakyamuni

Jataka Tales

Malas

Mandalas

  • Sand Mandala

  • Borobudur, Java

Prayer Flags

Boudhanath in Kathmandu, Nepal

Monasticism

Monastaries: Drepung

 

Festivals:  Butter Land, Shoton  

 

IV.

MIDDLE EAST

TIME:  2 hours/1 class session

 

Online resource:  https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/art-islam/beginners-guide-islamic/a/introduction-to-islam-2

Islam

Muslim

Muhammad

Book:  The Koran (Qur’an)

Mecca

 

Relevant Architecture: 

1. The Kaaba,

2. The Dome of the Rock,

3.  The Great Mosque (Spiral) at Samarra

4. Taj Mahal,

 

Common features of mosque architecture

Famous Mosques: 

1.  The Alhambra in Spain,

2. The Blue Mosque in Istanbul, Turkey, 

 

Calligraphy.  Example:  Illuminated tughra of Sultan Suleyman

 

Persian Rugs:   Ardabil carpet, Tabriz.

 

Contemporary architecture:  Dubai:  Burj Khalifa; Burj Al Arab

Saudi Arabia:  Makkah Royal Clock Tower

 

Festivals/holidays:  The Hajj, Ramadan

 

V.

POLYNESIA  

TIME:  1 hour/1/2 class session shared with art of Austrailia and New Zealand

 

Indonesia:

The  Wayang Puppets   (Indonesia shadow puppets) – accompanied by gamelan (instrumens of?)

 

Hawaii:

Grass skirts

Feather cloak known as the “Kearny Cloak”

 

Easter Island:  Moai heads

 

Papua New Guinea:  Ceremonial house of Abelam people

 

Asmat Ancestral poles:  New Guinea

 

 

AUSTRAILIA (1 hour)

TIME:  30 minutes/ shared with Polynesia and New Zealand

 

Papunya “Dream Painting”

 

Bark Painting

 

NEW ZEALAND

TIME:  30 minutes/shared with Polynesia and Australia

 

Maori art:  Wood carvings and

Ta moko (tattoos)

 

VI.

JAPAN (1 hour)

TIME:  1 hour/1/2 class session shared with China and Korea

 

Shinto (kami and iwakura)

Shinto shrine  (Torii, ema, Omikuji)

  • Fushimi Inari Shrine

  • Itsukushima Shrine

 

wabi sabi

 

Samurai’           

  • Sculptures of Unkei for the Great South Gate of the Todai-ji temple titled Nio or Kongorikishi (sometimes Kongo Rikishi)

 

Nature:

  • Bonsai

  • Cherry trees (link to DC)

  • Ikebana

  • Koi

  • Sand gardens such as:  Garden of the Daisen-in of Daitoku-ji, Kyoto (attributed to Soami)

Pagoda

 

Prints:

  • Katsushika Hokusai, “The Great Wave of Kanagawa” and other Edo era woodblock prints

  • Gyotaku

 

Painting:

  • Sumi-e

  • Enso

 

CHINA

TIME:  1/2 hour/ shared with Japan and Korea

 

Confucianism

Daoism

Ying and yang

Feng Shui

 

(fan?)

silkworms (A silkworm is Born by ann Stepp)

Bamboo

Great wall of china

paper cutting

Chinese opera

kites

dragons

calligraphy

invention of paper

Tomb of Emperor Shihhuangdi, terracotta figures, 221 – 206 BCE

 

Feng Shui

 

VII.

Sub-Saharan AFRICA

TIME:  2 hours/whole class session

 

Dogan villages Banani (parts of):  The Dogon, an isolated tribe in West Africa, still maintain their ancient and unique belief system. They have no written language: their myths and legends have been passed down through the generations by oral tradition.

  • tell em figures

  • Dogan mask society (sirige mask, kanaga mask,  Imina na mask)

 

Nkondi African fetish figures (example:  Nkisi nkondi) from the Congo

 

Chiwara (Chi Wara) objects of the Bamana people of Mali

 

Samburu tribal bead work of North Kenya

 

Omo Valley tribes and the effect of tourism:

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2015/may/24/photographing-the-omo-valley-people

 

Ghanaian fantasy coffins.

 

VIII.

RUSSIA

45 minutes

 

Architecture:

  • The Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg

  • Saint Basil’s Cathedral, Moscow

  • Church of the Savior on Blood, St. Petersburg

  • Catherine Palace, Tsarskoye Selo (Rococo style)

Faberge eggs

Matroyshka dolls

 

GERMANY

15 minutes

Neuschwanstein Castle

 

IX.

RANDOM SACRED SPACES

45 minutes

 

Ireland:

  • Newgrange

Portugal:

  • The Initiation Well, Sintra  

Jordan:

  • Petra

 

India:

  • Ajanta Caves

 

Iran:

  • Persopolis

 

X.

“Old” Mesoamerica & South America

TIME:  1 hour/ ½ class session shared with “new” Mexico

 

Olmec:

  • Colossal heads (San Lorenzo)

  • thrones (altars) (La Venta)

Maya:

  • Temple of the Giant Jaguar, Tikal, Guatemala.  732 BCE.

  • Chichen Itza, Yucatan.  c. 1000

  • Tulum, Coba, MX.  c. 1200 - 1400

  • Ball courts

  • Cenotes

 

Aztec: 

  • Stone of Five Suns or Aztec Calendar Stone,

  • Tenochtitlan, Mexico

  • Mosaic

Inca:

  • Machu Picchu near Cuzco, Peru

           

“New” Mexico

TIME:  1 hour/ ½ class session shared with “old” Mexico

el dia del muerte

(tequila)

murals (diego rivera and frida kahlo)

huichol indian yarn painting

 

XI.

NATIVE NORTH AMERICA (Western)

TIME:  1 hour/ ½ class session shared with Native Americans (Eastern)

 

Pacific Northwest.

 

Pueblo:

  • Chaco Canyon, New Mexico

  • Mesa Verde, Four Corners, Colorado

  • Martina Martinez (1881-1980), clayware

 

Hopi:

  • Kachina dolls/dance.  Arizona

 

NATIVE NORTH AMERICA (Eastern)

TIME:  1 hour/ ½ class session shared with Native Americans (Western)

 

Mound Builders:

 

XII.

ART OF THE NATURAL WORLD (pending)

UNESCO SITES of coutnries covered

LANDSCAPE ARTISTS

 

USA:

 

CANADA:

 

MEXICO:

 

JAPAN:

 

CHINA:

 

RUSSIA: